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Fernando Díaz

Insulin is an anabolic hormone that allows body cells to absorb glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids circulating in the blood and increases the synthesis of fat and protein. At the beginning of lactation insulin levels in blood are very low to support milk production. Moreover, during this period, adipose and muscle tissues reduce their sensitivity to this hormone reducing uptake of glucose to prioritize the use of glucose for milk production in the mammary gland. Thus, insulin concentration and insulin resistance affect milk production and negative energy balance in early lactation cows.

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