Water is one of the main nutrients for dairy cows. It contributes to body’s life-sustaining functions such as digestion, nutrients absorption, metabolism, excretion or temperature regulation.
Automatic milking is very popular in intensive dairy production systems. The adoption of robotic milking in grazing-based systems is uncommon; however, recent research from New Zealand, Australia, and Ireland is showing that this technology can be implemented in these countries where grazing is a critical part of the production system
Besides reducing erosion and improving soil health, double cropping winter annuals as forage crops in combination with corn is a common practice for increasing total forage yield per unit area of land in locations with long growing season. This strategy; however, is riskier in short seasons areas in which yield of one or both crops may be negatively affected.