Fusarium mycotoxin intoxication in lactating cows

Fungal species of Fusarium produce the mycotoxins deoxynivalenol, fumonisins, and zearalenone. The limits established for dairy cattle by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the US for deoxynivalenol and fumonisin are 5 ppm and 30 ppm, respectively. Although the FDA does not suggest safety guidelines for zearalenone, the European Commission established 250 ppb as the maximum legal limit in complete feed for this mycotoxin.

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