The use of membrane separation processes allows concentration and fractionation of whey components to obtain valuable ingredients for food and other applications. Manufacturers employ several different membrane separation techniques including ultrafiltration (UF), microfiltration (MF), nanofiltration (NF), and reverse osmosis (RO), to separate out the different components of whey and create whey products to the exact specifications of the end user16.
Ruminal acidosis results from an excessive acid load in the rumen not neutralized by salivary or feed buffers. Cows susceptible to both subacute (SARA) and acute ruminal acidosis change their metabolism, eating behavior, and production performance.
Extended lactation, the management practice in which the time of first insemination is delayed deliberately, increases calving interval and reduces the proportion of dry cows in the herd. This changes the lactation curve lengthening the descending phase. Therefore, average daily milk production is reduced in cows with extended lactations.
One Health is a concept that relates to the intricate relationship between animal, human, and the environment with regards to health and disease.1 The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) sees One Health as a holistic vision
Triticale (× Triticosecale) is a hybrid of wheat (Triticum) and rye (Secale) developed during the late 19th century. This cereal combines the grain quality, productivity, and disease resistance of wheat with the vigor and hardiness of rye.
Gastrointestinal nematodes like Cooperia oncophora and Ostertagia ostertagi are widely prevalent in dairy cattle. Nematodes cause production losses through reduction in intake, growth, milk production, and mortality in heavily parasitized animals.
Capítulo 3: Exploración del ovario fisiológico. Ficha 3: Exploración ecográfica del ovario fisiológico.
La exploración ecográfica del ovario fisiológico durante el ciclo estral o tras el parto nos permite ver las dos estructuras…
Technological advancements are all around the dairy farm these days. Whether it be robotic milking systems, sire selection or ventilation systems, there has been a wave of new technology for dairy farms to take advantage of. With this influx of new technology, one of the key elements that has somewhat been overshadowed or under-utilized is the use of technological advancement in the area of projecting financial results.